Client/Family Education – Nature of the Illness

Client/Family Education

  • Nature of the Illness
  • What is anxiety?
  • To what might it be related?
  • What is O C D?
  • What is body dysmorphic disorder?
  • What is trichotillomania?
  • Symptoms of anxiety, O C D, and related disorders
  • Management of the Illness
    • Medication management
      • Possible adverse effect
      • Length of time to take effect
      • What to expect from the medication
  • Stress management
    • Teach ways to interrupt escalating anxiety.
    • Teach relaxation techniques.
  • Support Services
    • Crisis hotline
    • Support groups
    • Individual psychotherapy


  • Evaluation of the effectiveness of the nursing interventions is measured by fulfillment of the outcome criteria.
  • Can the client recognize signs and symptoms of escalating anxiety, and interrupt before it reaches panic level?
  • Can the client demonstrate activities that can be used to maintain anxiety at a manageable level?
  • Can the client discuss the phobic object or situation without becoming anxious?
  • Can the client function in the presence of the phobic object or situation without experiencing panic anxiety?
  • Can the O C D client refrain from performing rituals when anxiety level rises and demonstrate substitute behaviors to maintain anxiety at a manageable level?
  • Can the client with trichotillomania refrain from hair-pulling and substitute a more adaptive behavior when urges to pull hair occur?
  • Does the client with body dysmorphic disorder verbalize a realistic perception and satisfactory acceptance of personal appearance?


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