Treatment Modalities: Psychopharmacology

Treatment Modalities

  • Individual psychotherapy
  • Cognitive therapy
  • Behavior therapy
    • Systematic desensitization
    • Implosion therapy
    • Other non-pharmacologic treatments for anxiety

Treatment Modalities: Psychopharmacology

Classifications of Meds used

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)—first line
  • Selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)—first line
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
    (TCAs)—second or third line
  • Benzodiazepines
  • β-Blockers

Medication for specific disorders

  • Panic and G A D
    • Anxiolytics
    • Antidepressants
    • Antihypertensive agents
  • O C D and body dysmorphic disorder
    • Antidepressants
  • Phobic disorders
    • Anxiolytics
    • Antidepressants
    • Antihypertensive agents
  • Hair-pulling disorder
    • Chlorpromazine
    • Amitriptyline
    • Lithium carbonate
    • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and pimozide
    • Olanzapine

 

Examples of anti-anxiety agents

  • Hydroxyzine (Vistaril)
  • Alprazolam (Xanax)
  • Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
  • Clonazepam (Klonopin)
  • Clorazepate (Tranxene)
  • Diazepam (Valium)
  • Lorazepam (Ativan)

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