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Mental Health and Mental illness

Mental Health and Mental illness

  • Mental health is defined as “Successful adaptation to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are age-appropriate and congruent with local and cultural norms.”
  • Mental illness is defined as “maladaptive responses to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are incongruent with the local and cultural norms, and interfere with the individual’s social, occupational, and/or physical functioning.”
  • Mental health and mental illness are culturally defined
  • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs:- Physiological (food, water, rest, health), Security (shelter and safety), Social (love), Ego (Self-esteem), Self-actualization (need for development)