Learning Center Articles

Types of phobia

Types of phobia

 

Classifications

Fear

Classifications

Fear

Acrophobia

Height

Mysophobia

Dirt, germs, contamination

Ailurophobia

Cats

Numerophobia

Numbers

Algophobia

Pain

Nyctophobia

Darkness

Anthophobia

Flowers

Ochophobia

Riding in a car

Anthropophobia

People

Ophidiophobia

Snakes

Aquaphobia

Water

Pyrophobia

Fire

Arachnophobia

Spiders

Scoleciphobia

Worms

Astraphobia

Lightning

Siderodromophobia

Railroads or train travel

Belonephobia

Needles

Taphophobia

Being buried alive

Brontophobia

Thunder

Thanatophobia

Death

Claustrophobia

Closed spaces

Trichophobia

Hair

Cynophobia

Dogs

Triskaidekaphobia

The number 13

Dementophobia

Insanity

Xenophobia

Strangers

Equinophobia

Horses

Zoophobia

Animals

Gamophobia

Marriage

Herpetophobia

Lizards, reptiles

Homophobia

Homosexuality

Murophobia

Mice

Biological aspects

  • Neuroanatomical- Specific areas in the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala play a role in storing and recalling information about threatening or potentially deadly events.
  • Temperament- Children experience fears as a part of normal development
    • Characteristics with which one is born that influence how he or she responds throughout life to specific situations (for example, innate fears)

Life experiences

  • Early experiences may set the stage for phobic reactions later in life.
    • For instance, a child who fell a flight of stairs would have a fear of heights in the future.

Anxiety Disorder Due to another Medical Condition

  • Medical conditions that may produce anxiety symptoms include
    • Cardiac
    • Endocrine
    • Respiratory
    • Neurological

Substance- or Medication-Induced Anxiety Disorder

  • May be associated with intoxication or withdrawal from any of the following substances:
  • Alcohol, sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics
  • Amphetamines or cocaine
  • Hallucinogens
  • Caffeine
  • Cannabis
  • Others