Learning Center Articles

Interprofessional care Cataracts

Interprofessional care

  • Nonsurgical therapy
    • Visual aids 
      • Changing eyewear prescription
      • Reading glasses
      • Magnifiers
      • Increased lighting
  • Surgical therapy
    • Preoperative phase
      • History and physical assessment
      • Eye drops
      • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
      • Dilating
      • Dark glasses minimize photophobia
      • Monitor for systemic toxicity
    • Intraoperative phase
      • Cataract extraction is an intraocular procedure
      • An operating microscope is used
    • Phacoemulsification
      • Most common form of cataract surgery
      • Ultrasonic vibrations dissolve lens into fragments that are suctioned out
      • Sutures are not usually required
    • Extracapsular cataract extraction procedure
      • Used for advanced cataracts
      • Entire cataract is removed
      • Sutures are required
      • Recovery is often slower
        • Implementation of intraocular lens
          • Almost all patients have an intraocular lens (IOL) implanted at the time of cataract extraction surgery.
          • The lens of choice is a posterior chamber lens that is implanted in the capsular bag behind the iris.
          • Antibiotics and corticosteroids may be administered after surgery.
    • Postoperative phase
      • Outpatient procedure unless complications occur
      • Antibiotic and corticosteroid eye drops
      • Limiting activities
      • Follow-up visits