Cataracts

Cataracts

  • Opacity within the lens
    • May occur in one or both eyes
  • Cataract removal is most common surgical procedure in United States

Etiology and Pathophysiology

  • Influencing factors
    • Age
    • Blunt trauma
    • Congenital factors
    • Radiation/UV light exposure
    • Long-term corticosteroid use
    • Ocular inflammation
  • Clinical manifestation
    • Decrease in vision
    • Abnormal color perception
    • Glaring of vision
  • Nursing Diagnostics
    • History and physical examination
    • Visual acuity measurement
    • Ophthalmoscopy
    • Slit lamp microscope
    • Glare testing

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