Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

  • Alcohol use during pregnancy can result in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (F A S D’s).
    • Fetal alcohol syndrome (F A S): Problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision, and hearing
    • Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder
    • Alcohol-related birth defects
  • Characteristics of F A S
  • Learning difficulties
  • Abnormal facial features
  • Speech and language delays
  • Small head size
  • Intellectual disability
  • Shorter-than-average height
  • Poor reasoning skills
  • Low body weight
  • Sleep and sucking problems as a baby
  • Poor coordination
  • Vision or hearing problems
  • Hyperactive behavior
  • Problems with the heart, kidneys, or bones
  • Difficulty paying attention
  • Learning difficulties
  • Poor memory
  • Difficulty in school

Alcohol intoxication and Withdrawal

  • Alcohol intoxication: Occurs at blood alcohol levels between 100 and 200 milligrams per deciliter
  • Alcohol withdrawal: Occurs within 4 to 12 hours of cessation of or reduction in heavy and prolonged alcohol use

Sedative/Hypnotic Use Disorder

  • Profile of the substance
    • Barbiturates
    • Non-barbiturate hypnotics
    • Antianxiety agents
  • Patterns of use
  • Effects on the body
    • Effects on sleep and dreaming
    • Respiratory depression
    • Cardiovascular effects
    • Hepatic effects
    • Body temperature
    • Sexual functioning


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