Procedures related to elimination : Enemas & Ostomies

  • Procedures related to elimination
    • Enemas
      • Purpose
      • Techniques (age/weight appropriate)
        • If prepared saline is not available, the nurse can make some by adding 1 tsp of table salt to 500 mL (1 pint) of tap water.
        • An enema is an intrusive procedure and thus threatening to preschool children
          • Therefore, a careful explanation is especially important to ease possible fear.
    • Ostomies
      • Purpose
      • Techniques
        • The major emphasis in pediatric care is preparing the child for the procedure and teaching care of the ostomy to the child and family.
      • Skin/stoma care
        • Ostomy equipment consists of a one- or two-piece system with a hypoallergenic skin barrier to maintain peristomal skin integrity.
        • The pouch should be large enough to contain a moderate amount of stool and flatus but not so large as to overwhelm the infant or child.
        • A backing helps minimize the risk for skin breakdown from moisture trapped between the skin and pouch. 
        • Avoid small clips and rubber bands to prevent choking in young children.


More Posts

Heart Attack Symptoms

Español Not all heart attacks begin with the sudden and crushing chest pain that comes when the blood flow to heart gets blocked. Heart attack

Sun Safety

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the U.S. Too much sun can cause skin cancer. Spending time outside is a great way to

Leave Fireworks to the Experts

Summer is synonymous with barbecues, parades and fireworks. The National Safety Council advises everyone to enjoy fireworks at public displays conducted by professionals, and not