Prevention and detection of cancer

  • Prevention and detection of cancer
    • Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled and unregulated growth of cells.
    • Cancer affects people of all ages and affects men more than women.
    • It is the second most common cause of death in the United States after heart disease.
    • More people are surviving cancer.
    • Lifestyle habits to reduce risks
      • Practice recommended cancer screenings
        • Learn and practice the recommended American Cancer Society cancer screening guidelines for breast, colon, cervical, and prostate cancer.
      • Practice self-examination
      • Know seven warning signs of cancer
      • Seek medical care if cancer is suspected
      • Avoid or reduce exposure to known or suspected carcinogens
        • Cigarette smoke, excessive sun exposure
      • Eat a balanced diet
        • Eat a balanced diet that includes vegetables and fresh fruits, whole grains, and adequate amounts of fiber.
        • Reduce dietary fat and preservatives, including smoked and salt-cured meats containing high nitrite concentrations.
      • Limit alcohol intake
      • Exercise regularly
        • Participate in regular exercise (i.e., 30 minutes or more of moderate physical activity five times weekly).
      • Maintain a healthy weight
      • Get adequate rest
        • Obtain adequate, consistent periods of rest (at least 6 to 8 hours per night).
      • Eliminate, reduce, or cope with stress
        • Enhance the ability to effectively cope with stressors.
      • Have a regular health examination
        • Be familiar with your family history
        • Know your risk factors

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