Heart Disease : Gender differences

Gender differences

  • Men
    • Men experience systolic failure more frequently than women.
    • Men with asymptomatic systolic failure experience greater mortality benefit from ACE inhibitor therapy than women.
  • Women
    • Women experience diastolic failure more frequently than men.
    • Women have a higher risk of ACE inhibitor–related cough than men.
    • Women experience more digitalis-related death than men.
    • Women with diabetes are more predisposed to HF than men.

Classification of heart failure

  • Left-sided HF
    • Most common form of HF
    • Results from inability of LV to
      • Empty adequately during systole
      • Fill adequately during diastole
    • Further classified as
      • Systolic
      • Diastolic
      • Mixed systolic and diastolic
    • Blood backs up into left atrium and pulmonary veins
    • Increased pulmonary pressure causes fluid leakage →→ pulmonary congestion and edema

Share:

More Posts

Aspirin overdose

Aspirin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to relieve mild to moderate aches and pains, swelling, and fever. Aspirin overdose occurs when someone accidentally

Pulmonary edema

Pulmonary edema is an abnormal buildup of fluid in the lungs. This buildup of fluid leads to shortness of breath. Causes Pulmonary edema is often