Family, Social, Cultural, and Religious Influences on Child Health Promotion : Family roles

Family roles

  • All family members have designated roles within the family unit
  • Many cultural & societal influences on family roles— however, this is slowly changing

Family stress theory

  • Families encounter stressors (events that cause stress and have the potential to effect a change in the family social system), including 
    • Predictable (e.g., parenthood)
    • Unpredictable (e.g., illness, unemployment)
  • They are cumulative, involving simultaneous demands from work, family, and community life.

Developmental theory

  • An outgrowth of several theories of development.
    • Duvall’s Developmental stages of the Family
      • Stage I: Marriage and an Independent Home: The Joining of Families
        • Re-establish couple identity.
        • Realign relationships with extended family.
        • Make decisions regarding parenthood.
      • Stage II: Families with Infants
        • Integrate infants into the family unit.
        • Accommodate to new parenting and grand-parenting roles.
        • Maintain marital bond.
      • Stage III: Families with Preschoolers
        • Socialize children.
        • Parents and children adjust to separation.
      • Stage IV: Families with Schoolchildren
        • Children develop peer relations.
        • Parents adjust to their children’s peer and school influences.
      • Stage V: Families with Teenagers
        • Adolescents develop increasing autonomy.
        • Parents refocus on midlife marital and career issues.
        • Parents begin a shift toward concern for the older generation.
      • Stage VI: Families as Launching Centers
        • Parents and young adults establish independent identities.
        • Parents renegotiate marital relationship.
      • Stage VII: Middle-Aged Families
        • Reinvest in couple identity with concurrent development of independent interests.
        • Realign relationships to include in-laws and grandchildren.
        • Deal with disabilities and death of older generation
      • Stage VIII: Aging Families
        • Shift from work role to leisure and semiretirement or full retirement.
        • Maintain couple and individual functioning while adapting to the aging process.
        • Prepare for own death and dealing with the loss of spouse and/or siblings and other peers.

Share:

More Posts

Heart Attack Symptoms

Español Not all heart attacks begin with the sudden and crushing chest pain that comes when the blood flow to heart gets blocked. Heart attack

Sun Safety

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the U.S. Too much sun can cause skin cancer. Spending time outside is a great way to

Leave Fireworks to the Experts

Summer is synonymous with barbecues, parades and fireworks. The National Safety Council advises everyone to enjoy fireworks at public displays conducted by professionals, and not