Preventing or minimizing separation

      • Preventing or minimizing separation
        • Nurses must have an appreciation of the child’s separation behaviors.
          • The child is allowed to cry. 
        • Even if the child rejects strangers, the nurse provides support through physical presence.
        • The use of cellular phones can increase the contact between the hospitalized child and parents or other significant family members and friends.
      • Preventing or minimizing parental absence
      • Minimizing loss of control
        • Promoting freedom of movement
        • Maintaining child’s routine
        • Encouraging independence and industry
      • Providing developmentally appropriate activities
      • Providing opportunities for play and expressive activities
        • Functions of Play in the Hospital
          • Provides diversion and brings about relaxation
          • Helps the child feel more secure in a strange environment
          • Lessens the stress of separation and the feeling of homesickness
          • Provides a means for release of tension and expression of feelings
          • Encourages interaction and development of positive attitudes toward others
          • Provides an expressive outlet for creative ideas and interests
          • Provides a means for accomplishing therapeutic goals
          • Places the child in active role and provides opportunity to make choices and be in control
            • Diversional activities
            • Toys 
            • Expressive activities
            • Creative expression
            • Dramatic play
      • Maximizing the potential benefits of hospitalization
        • Fostering parent-child relationships
        • Providing educational opportunities
        • Promoting self-mastery
        • Providing socialization

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