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January 10, 2019

Pneumonia

Emergency Room: Go For Pneumonia

Pneumonia is amongst the leading infectious causes of death in the United States; with about 50,000 people dying every year. Front Line ER has compiled this article to give you information on what you need to know about Pneumonia and when to see a doctor to avoid further complications that may arise.

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a type of lung infection that causes inflammation or swelling of the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs.  The air sacs are filled with fluid or pus, and this causes the lungs to become less elastic and cannot, therefore; take oxygen into the blood or remove carbon dioxide from the blood frequently.

The Causes

  • Breathing of germs directly into your lungs
  • The presence of bacteria or viruses(flu virus) that inhabit in your sinuses, nose or mouth; and may spread to the lungs
  • Inhaling foods or fluid from the mouth and into the lungs(aspiration pneumonia)
  • Pneumocystis jiroveci, a fungus that causes pneumonia in patients who have a weaker immune system especially those with advanced HIV infection

Symptoms of Pneumonia

Pneumonia can be very critical particularly in people who have pre-existing heart or lung conditions, the elderly, people with weakened immunity, or in expecting women.  If you think that you are likely to have pneumonia, or are experiencing any of the following symptoms, please contact FrontLine ER immediately.

  • Shortness of breath
  • Increased mucus production
  • Chest pain that fluctuates when you breathe
  • Difficult or laboured breathing
  • A prolonged high fever that is  accompanied by chills
  • Feeling worse after a bout with the cold or flu
  • A persistent cough, especially one producing rust or green coloured mucus

What Can I Expect In the Emergency Room?

Upon arrival at FrontLine ER, several things are done to ensure an accurate diagnosis is made, and appropriate treatment is given. These include:

Monitoring

The emergency physicians will often check you. A sensor is attached to your finger or earlobe to monitor your blood oxygen level. Your blood pressure, heart rate, and temperature will also be checked regularly. Any IV fluids you receive or everything you eat and drink may be monitored closely as well.

Tests

Arterial blood gas (ABG) is a blood test that measures the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood system.

Treatment

We here at FrontLine ER believe that in as much as pneumonia is life-threatening, it can still be prevented. Be sure to get Flu Vaccine and Pneumococcal vaccine to help lower your chances of getting viruses and bacteria. Vaccines are essential in adults, children, and people who have asthma, HIV, diabetes, organ transplants and other long-term conditions. Avoid smoking tobacco because it damages your lung’s ability to fight infections.

Emergency Care, Emergency Room