Diagnostic studies : Blood Pressure

Diagnostic studies

  • Diagnostic assessment
    • History and physical examination, including an ophthalmic examination
    • Routine urinalysis
    • Basic metabolic panel (serum glucose, sodium, potassium, chloride, carbon dioxide, BUN, and creatinine)
    • Complete blood count
    • Serum lipid proile (total lipids, triglycerides, HDL and LDL cholesterol, total-to-HDL cholesterol ratio)
    • Serum uric acid, calcium, and magnesium
    • 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG)
    • Optional:
      • 24-hr urinary creatinine clearance
      • Echocardiography
      • Liver function studies
      • Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
  • Management
    • Periodic monitoring of BP
    • Home BP monitoring
    • Ambulatory BP monitoring
    • Every 3-6 months by a HCP once goal BP is achieved and stabilized
    • Nutritional therapy
    • Restrict salt and sodium
    • Restrict cholesterol and saturated fats
    • Maintain adequate intake of potassium, calcium, and magnesium
    • Weight management
    • Regular, moderate physical activity
    • Tobacco cessation
    • Moderation of alcohol intake
    • Stress management techniques
    • Antihypertensive drugs
    • Patient and caregiver teaching


More Posts

Aspirin overdose

Aspirin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to relieve mild to moderate aches and pains, swelling, and fever. Aspirin overdose occurs when someone accidentally

Pulmonary edema

Pulmonary edema is an abnormal buildup of fluid in the lungs. This buildup of fluid leads to shortness of breath. Causes Pulmonary edema is often